:: Volume 13, Issue 3 (2021) ::
ihej 2021, 13(3): 85-100 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Rational Attitude and Social Welfare of Faculty Members (Case Study: Yazd University)
Mahnaz Forghani tehrani1, Masoud Hajizadeh meymandi *2, Seyed alireza Afshani3, Habib Ansari samani4
1- Yazd University, mahnaz.forghany@yahoo.com
2- Yazd University , masoudhajizadehmeymandi@gmail.com
3- Yazd University, afshanialireza@yazd.ac.ir
4- Yazd University, h.samani@yazd.ac.ir
Abstract:   (449 Views)
The present article investigates the relationship between rational attitude and social welfare among faculty members of Yazd University. The research was conducted by survey method. Data were collected from 213 faculty members of Yazd University using a questionnaire technique and using stratified random sampling method. Rational attitude is measured in three dimensions of pluralism, instrumentalism and intentionality and social welfare in five dimensions of social participation, social acceptance, social prosperity, social cohesion and social solidarity. The validity of this research is content type and to measure its reliability, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used, which had the desired values. Research data were analyzed using SPSS and SmartPLS statistical software.
Findings showed that according to the mean obtained from the two variables studied, instrumental rationality is low among faculty members of Yazd University, while the level of social welfare is high. Based on the data obtained from the Pearson correlation matrix, there is an inverse and significant relationship between the dimensions of social well-being (excluding the dimension of social cohesion and the dimension of social solidarity) with the dimensions of rational attitude with special emphasis on social acceptance; This means that the more the desired dimensions of social welfare increase, the lower the instrumental rationality among the faculty members of Yazd University decreases. Also, the study obtained from the independent t-test on the relationship between gender variables and rational attitude showed that the difference in rational attitude among faculty members is less in men than women, as a result, there is a relationship between differences in faculty members' rational attitudes by gender. Finally, the social welfare variable explains 19.18% of the changes in the rational attitude variable.
Keywords: rational attitude, social welfare, social acceptance, faculty members, Yazd University
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
* Corresponding Author Address: masoudhajizadehmeymandi@gmail.com

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Volume 13, Issue 3 (2021) Back to browse issues page